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What Is Disposition in Court? Types of Court Dispositions in Colorado

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types of court dispositions

When you walk into a courtroom, it can be an intimidating experience.

No matter what side of the case you’re on, court proceedings are complex, and the outcome is uncertain. That makes understanding the types of court dispositions in Colorado all the more important.

Disposition simply refers to how a case will end after being heard by a judge or jury. These outcomes vary greatly depending on the severity of the crime and other factors that affect sentencing laws.

From jail time to probation orders and beyond, there are several ways a judge might resolve your case—but only if you know which way to turn! Read on for further insight into various dispositions used within Colorado courts so you can have peace of mind when entering any courtroom situation.

What Is Disposition in Court?

A criminal case can end in many different ways. The status and ultimate outcome of a case is called the disposition, and it is a critical part of the criminal court process.

Disposition occurs through one of several possible outcomes that depend on the specific facts of each individual case.

Understanding the different kinds of court dispositions available in criminal cases helps people effectively navigate their way through the judicial system and plan accordingly if they ever face criminal charges.

What Are Common Types of Disposition in Court?

As the age-old saying goes, knowledge is power.

When it comes to court proceedings, understanding the different types of dispositions can be incredibly useful for navigating a successful outcome. As such, let us explore what common types of dispositions in court are and how they may affect you.

In Colorado courts, there are many common types of dispositions, including:

  1. Acquitted — When a defendant is found not guilty of a crime by a judge or jury in a court of law, often due to inability to find enough evidence for a conviction.
  2. Convicted — When a defendant is found guilty of a crime by a judge or jury in a court of law.
  3. Dismissed — When a case is thrown out of court before trial due to a lack of evidence or a violation of the defendant’s Constitutional rights.
  4. Deferred/Suspended sentence — When a defendant is convicted of a crime, but their sentence is suspended, usually on the condition that they meet certain requirements, such as probation or community service.
  5. Diversion/deferred prosecution — When a defendant is given the opportunity to complete certain requirements, such as community service or counseling, in exchange for having their charges dropped or reduced.
  6. Sealed — When court records related to a criminal case are restricted from public access, usually to protect the defendant’s privacy.
  7. Expunged — When court records related to a criminal case are destroyed or erased, effectively removing any evidence of the defendant’s arrest or conviction. Generally speaking, expungement only applies to juvenile records.
  8. No charges filed/charges dropped — When the district attorney or prosecutor decides not to pursue charges against a defendant, either because there is insufficient evidence or for other reasons such as prosecutorial discretion.
  9. Vacated — When a court sets aside a previous judgment or conviction due to errors in the trial process or other legal reasons.

When Can a Disposition Occur?

Dispositions can occur at different stages of the criminal justice process, depending on the specific case and the decisions of the court.

Before Trial

A disposition may occur before a jury trial, such as through a plea bargain or diversion program. This can happen when the defendant agrees to certain conditions or a reduced sentence in exchange for entering a guilty plea or completing certain requirements, such as community service or counseling.

After Trial

Alternatively, a disposition may occur after a trial, where the defendant is either convicted or acquitted of the charges. In the case of a conviction, the court will determine the appropriate sentence, which may include probation, fines, or incarceration.

It’s important to note that the timing and type of disposition can have a significant impact on the defendant’s future. For example, a deferred prosecution disposition may allow the defendant to avoid a criminal record if they successfully complete the program, while a conviction can have long-lasting consequences for employment, housing, and other areas of life.

If you are facing criminal charges in Colorado, it’s crucial to work with an experienced criminal defense attorney who can help guide you through the process and protect your rights. They can work to negotiate the best possible disposition for your case or fight for your innocence at trial.

The Difference Between Disposition and Sentencing

Some cases may reach their final disposition without ever having a sentence be imposed. However, if a defendant is convicted of a charge, sentencing will generally be the last stage before a case reaches its final disposition.

A defendant may receive a sentence either in accordance with a plea agreement already decided upon between the district attorney and the defendant or after trial if found guilty. If found guilty at trial, the judge has the discretion to impose whatever legal sentence he or she deems most appropriate. Once a sentence is officially administered, the case will have reached its final disposition.

Get a Better Outcome in Your Case — Call Right Law Group

Court disposition is an important part of the legal process and can have a significant impact on the outcome of any case. It’s important to understand what types of dispositions are available in order to make informed decisions. Understanding these various options is key for anyone facing criminal charges in Colorado.

To explore all the options in your criminal case, contact a criminal defense attorney at Right Law Group for a FREE consultation today.

Author Bio

alexis austin

Alexis Austin is the CEO and Managing Partner of Right Law Group, a Colorado Springs criminal defense law firm she founded in 2018. With almost a decade of experience in criminal defense, she has zealously represented clients in a wide range of legal matters, including DUIs, misdemeanors, felonies, domestic violence, and other criminal charges.

Alexis received her Juris Doctor from the University of Denver — Sturm College of Law and is a member of the Colorado Bar Association. She has received numerous accolades for her work, including being named among the “Top 40 Under 40” in 2018 by The National Trial Lawyers and featured in Authority Magazine’s “Top Lawyers” series.

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